UN & CRIME PREVENTION BOOK

 

This information is provided by the United Nations Information

Centre in Sydney for Australia, New Zealand and the South

Pacific.

 

PI/955

17 June 1996

 

NEW BOOK ON 'UNITED NATIONS AND CRIME PREVENTION' ISSUED TODAY

 

A revised and updated version of The United Nations and

Crime Prevention, originally published in 1991, was released

today by the Department of Public Information (DPI).

 

The 160-page book reviews recent crime trends, ranging from the

growth of "crime multinationals" and international money-

laundering to "eco-crime", "cyber-crime" and large-scale

trafficking in illegal migrants. It also addresses

contemporary ways of looking at old problems, like violence

against women, juvenile delinquency and crimes against

cultural patrimonies.

 

Among other facts presented in the updated version of The

United Nations and Crime Prevention are that:

 

-- Organized international crime, with annual sales

estimated at $100 billion a year, has become a political and

economic force capable of changing the course of

development in countries and entire regions;

 

-- The world-wide incidence of criminal activity is

increasing at a rate of approximately 5 per cent a year, even

after population growth is taken into account; and

 

-- Most governments in developed countries allocate between

2 and 3 per cent of their budgets on crime control, and in

developing countries the proportion is usually between 9 and 14

per cent.

 

In addition, the revised publication provides a synopsis of the

United Nations congresses on the prevention of crime and

treatment of offenders, which have been held every five years

since 1955. The outcome of the ninth congress, held in Cairo in

1995, is among the updated portions of the book.

 

Detailed information about the Commission on Crime

Prevention and Criminal Justice is also provided. The

Commission is a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social

Council and its secretariat is based in Vienna. Reflecting the

rising level of concern with which crime is regarded by the

international community, the General Assembly, in the context of

its adoption of the programme budget for the biennium 1996- 1997,

decided to upgrade from the level of a branch to that of a

division the secretariat charged with carrying out the

Commission's mandates. The Crime Prevention and Criminal

Justice Division of the United Nations Office at Vienna

fosters international cooperation

against cross-border crime and helps countries strengthen

their criminal justice systems and share viewpoints and

experiences.

 

Appended to the book are synopses of all major United

Nations guidelines, standards and other international

instruments in the criminal justice field, including the

Naples Political Declaration and Global Action Plan against

Organized Transnational Crime, adopted at the 1994 World

Ministerial Conference on Organized Transnational Crime.

 

 

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NOTE:The United Nations and Crime Prevention (Sales No.

96.IV.9) at $14.95 per copy (in English), may be obtained from the

Sales Section, 2 United Nations Plaza, Room DC2-853, New York,

NY 10017, tel: (800) 253-9646 or (212) 963-8302; fax: (212)

963-3489; e-mail: publications@un.org; or Palais des Nations,

CH-1211, Geneva, tel: 41-22-917-2614; fax: 41-22917- 0027;

Internet: http://www.un.org/Pubs.

 

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